Seventh Circuit Affirms Kunz v. City

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 Today the Seventh Circuit  affirmed the district court’s judgment in its entirety in Kunz v. City.

"On March 22, 1999, Jeremy Kunz spent the afternoon and evening in a bar watching March Madness and consuming a few Guinnesses....Kunz left [to run an] errand—which turned out to be the delivery of some drugs—he grazed a parked car and kept driving. His actions prompted a 911 call from a witness; Officer DeFelice and his partner responded. Despite the flashing lights on the police car, Kunz kept driving, with the police in pursuit. [the car he was driving was reported stolen]. When Kunz finally stopped the car, he got out and tried to flee on foot...[and toss his drugs]."  

"As he was being handcuffed, multiple police officers kicked Kunz, eventually causing a sharp pain later diagnosed as a broken rib. The police then dragged the injured and restrained Kunz to their squad car and took him back to the station, where they placed him in a room on a stool, still cuffed and facing DeFelice. DeFelice repeatedly punched Kunz in the face hard enough to make him pass out several times. "

Kunz plead guilty, severed his time, and then brought a lawsuit.

Kunz prevailed, winning jury verdicts against Officer DeFelice for $10,000 in compensatory damages and $250,000 (later reduced to $90,000) in punitive damages, as well as a verdict against the City for another $15,000 in compensatory damages. 

The parties cross-appealed. 

The Court affirmed keeping out a retail theft conviction and affirmed the exclusion of James O'Donell, the toxicologist.   Judge Zagel excluded O'Donell because his testing was not based on a sound methodology.  Moreover, the Seventh Circuit held noted that  "O’Donnell was a 
singularly unimpressive witness. His credentials were weak, at best: his degree is called a Pharm.D.; he earned it after one year of classes, only one of which was in pharmacology. Despite the title, his Pharm.D. is not actually in pharmacology, and O’Donnell admitted elsewhere to advertising falsely that it was.

The Seventh Circuit also affirmed the exclusion of witnesses as Zagel barred their testimony  as a discovery sanction under FED. R. CIV. P. 37.  DeFelice claimed that named were in the police reports, "but with nothing to signal that they had anything useful to add. The district court found that it would place an excessive burden on the plaintiff to require him to sift through every single name turned over in discovery."

On the cross-appeal, Kunz challenged the granting of summary judgment on his unlawful detention and malicious prosecution.  Specifically, Kunz challenged the district court's denial of his theory that "the coercive force DeFelice used proximately caused his extended detention and ensuing damages...under the Fourth or Fifth Amendment.  However, Kunz did not develop his fifth amendment his "novel legal theory" at the district court level and therefore it was waived. 
 
Joseph Roddy represented Officer DeFelice, Jon Loevy represented Kunz.